Students with disabilities that need access to the curriculum are entitled to 504 Accommodations in accordance with the ADA.
Students with an IEP are entitled to both specialized instruction and accommodations appropriate to their specific disability and needs.
Discrimination on the basis of disability (Dyslexia) in schools is prohibited by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. If found eligible, necessary accommodations must be formalized into a 504 Plan.
The Americans with Disability Act - 504 Accommodations
I.D.E.A. is specific to education. A Federal Law that applies to public education until grade 12.
The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) applies to all entities including pubic schools that receive at least $1:00 of Federal funds. Universities, public buildings, government agencies all must provide equal access to persons with disabilities.
In schools, 504 Accommodations provide equal access to the curriculum for persons with disabilities.
If a student requires specialized instruction and has an IEP they automatically qualify for accommodations particular to their needs and disability.
But if a student does not need specialized instruction or no longer needs specialized instruction, they still may require accommodations to access the curriculum.
Students can have 504 Accommodations without an IEP.
See the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) for more information. The mission of the OCR is to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence.
Some examples of why students need accommodations.
if ...Disability impacts mobility
Students with a disability that effects mobility for example will benefit from accommodations that ensure they can safely and efficiently access school, classes and activities,
if ... Disability impacts the ability to see text
Students need to access text through Braille and also need the specialized instruction that teaches them how to read and express ideas using Braille.
if...Disability impacts reading text fluently at grade level
If a student is dyslexic and reading below grade level, or reads more slowly and needs time to read - but grade level texts are across the curriculum the students needs access to grade level text